Pyrethrum is a natural pesticide derived from the dried flower heads of Chrysanthemum Cinerariaefolium, a species of chrysanthemum plant native to Iran and surrounding regions. The active compounds in pyrethrum, known as pyrethrins, are highly toxic to a wide range of insects and have been used for centuries as a natural insecticide.
Pyrethrum is considered to be one of the safest and most effective insecticides available. It acts quickly against a wide range of insect pests, including mosquitoes, flies, fleas, and moths, and is also effective against certain types of mites and spiders. One of the key benefits of pyrethrum is that it is relatively non-toxic to mammals, meaning that it can be used in areas where other types of insecticides might pose a risk to humans or pets.
Pyrethrum breaks down quickly in sunlight and does not accumulate in the environment, so it has little long-term impact on ecosystems. Pyrethrum is used in a variety of pest control products, including sprays, dusts, and foggers. It is also commonly used in pet shampoos and flea and tick collars.
While pyrethrum is generally considered safe for both humans and the environment, it can cause skin irritation and other allergic reactions in some individuals. It is important to follow product instructions carefully and to wear appropriate protective gear when using pyrethrum-based products.
Additionally, overuse or misuse of pyrethrum can lead to the development of insecticide-resistant pests, underscoring the importance of responsible use and proper pest management practices.